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Logic, Perception, and Enculturation - Think about it. How important is thinking. Americans spend all of their day thinking and misthinking of multiple decisions and ideas. Thinking is a very important process of how our thoughts, when transferred verbally or written on paper, can produce a clearer understanding of our views. The nature of logic as it relates to critical thinking, and my perceptual process have been influenced through sources of enculturation. The nature of logic as understood is when you have a situation, belief, tradition, etc. [tags: The Nature of Logic]

Nature of Logic - Nature of Logic The nature of logic and critical thinking go hand in hand. A person must use logic during the critical thinking process. However, each person’s logic may depend on his/her perceptual process or their perceptual barriers. No person can ever fully understand their own perceptual process in its entirety. The reason being is that no person knows all of their perceptual barriers. Without knowing all of the barriers, how is a person able to determine the process in which they perceive things. [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Logic Thinking Essays]

Faithful and Fruitful Logic - Faithful and Fruitful Logic Appropriate for a conference relating philosophy and education, we seek ways more faithful than the truth-functional (TF) hook to understand and represent that ordinary-language conditional which we use in, e.g. modus ponens, and that conditional’s remote and counterfactual counterparts, and also the proper negations of all three. Such a logic might obviate the paradoxes caused by T-F representation, and be educationally fruitful. William and Martha Kneale and Gilbert Ryle assist us: "In the hypothetical case in which p, it is inferable, on the basis that p and at least in the given context, that q." "Inferable" is explained. [tags: Logic Philosophy Papers]

Logic, Imagination and Deduction - Logic, Imagination and Deduction "Quit your day dreaming" "Mr. Gies, are you still with us?" "Hello!" These are some of the common inquisitions I heard while trying my best to pay attention during elementary school classes. It seems that I had some issues with staying on task. Perhaps it was a problem that I would outgrow, or at least be able to control, but as the years went on by I found that time did not change me. What a break. It turns out that using my imagination has helped me numerous times in solving networking issues, writing code, troubleshooting electronic devices, and designing complex systems. [tags: Logic Imagination Deduction]

The Influence of Logic and Perception - The Influence of Logic and Perception The online website, dictionary.com, defines logic as the study of the principles of reasoning, especially of the structure of propositions as distinguished from their content and of method and validity in deductive reasoning. (http://dictionary.reference) This same website defines critical thinking as the mental process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information to reach an answer or conclusion. [tags: Reasoning Logic Critical Thinking Essays]

Alfred Jules Ayer's "Language, Truth and Logic," the Major Thesis on Logical Positivism of its Time - In 1936 Alfred Jules Ayer published a book named, Language, Truth, and Logic. At the time of its publication, it was understood to be the major thesis of Logical Positivism (Macdonald). In order to understand the Verification Principle, one must first become somewhat familiar with Logical Positivism. Logical Positivism is a school of philosophic thought that combines empiricism, the idea that observational evidence is indispensable for knowledge of the world, with a version of rationalism incorporating mathematical and logico-linguistic constructs and deductions in epistemology, the study of knowledge (Log Pos). [tags: Alfred Jules Ayer, Language, Truth and Logic, Logi]

Drawing Conclusions: Ethics and Mathematics - When I was in my 1st year of high school, I decided to join the Debate Team of my school because it was one of the extra-curricular activities that really intrigued me. Being a new member, a lot of the methods the veterans of the team used in their speeches surprised me. Before, I thought that debate mostly involved insulting one’s opponent and making him seem stupid. However, I was proven very wrong as that not only fail to provide any substantial argument that would prove any point, but was also banned and could lead to a loss. [tags: Logic]

Logic is Not Practical - Logic is Not Practical Who needs logic. Logic is but an entrapment -- a false sense of security to let us rest easy at night. Countless numbers take solace in the world in which we live, a world we know virtually nothing about, by forcing themselves to believe that if something is intangible, or unimaginable, it is impossible. The Spanish told Christopher Columbus in 1492 that he was setting sail on suicide mission when he discovered North America. Logic had told them, from the beginning of time, that the world was flat. [tags: Papers]

Logic as the Universal - Logic as the Universal The solutions I came up with in all three cases, although seemingly strong in one favor, had an underlying moderate position. Each solution to the case was deduced by carefully examining both sides of the argument. Furthermore, I evaluated the logic behind both perspectives and came up with the more compelling and rational settlement. In all three case studies, I used the principle of reasoning that implies the following: a) Logical argument, which includes supplying empirical evidence in support of one’s position. [tags: Papers]

Logic of the Absurds - Logic of the Absurds Man's fundamental bewilderment and confusion, stems from the fact that man has no answers to the basic existential questions: why we are alive, why we have to die, why there is injustice and suffering, all this serve as the impetus for such a thinking. Man constantly wonders about the truth of life and realizes that the more you expect from it, the more it fails you or may be the more we expect from ourselves the more we find ourselves engaging in a futile battle with the odds. [tags: Free Essay Writer]

Wittgenstein: Independent Logic - Profound ideas often arise out of the most uncanny situations. Ludwig Wittgenstein composed what may be the most influential philosophical work of the twentieth century as a prisoner of war during the First World War. His poignant writings included many propositions that flew in the face of contemporary philosophers at the time, unveiling a new perspective from which to consider the study of logic. While peers struggled with the rules governing the logic of semantics, Wittgenstein sought to emphasize the whimsical nature of language. [tags: Philosophy]

Logic & Perception - Logic can be defined as the subject that teaches the rules for correct and proper reasoning or in simpler terms, it can be best described as common sense. Some refer to the "science" of logic but logic is really more than just a science. The science part “is the knowledge of the principles, laws, and methods of logic itself.” (Dolhenty, J; 2002). Logic must be put into action or else the knowledge provided within the science of logic is of little use. “We can, therefore, also speak of the "art" of logic, that is, the practical application of the science of logic to our everyday affairs.” (Dolhenty, J; 2002). [tags: essays research papers]

Nature and Logic - Philosophy 103: Introduction to Logic The Nature of Logic Abstract: Some of the uses of logic are illustrated, and deductive arguments are briefly distinguished from inductive arguments. I. Logic is the study of the methods and principles used in distinguishing correct from incorrect reasoning. B. Logic differs from psychology in being a normative or a prescriptive discipline rather than a descriptive discipline. 1. I.e. it prescribes how one ought to reason; it's not concerned with how one actually does reason. [tags: essays research papers]

Logic and Perception - Logic and Perception A human’s ability to think constitutes the human’s ability to live. Though life can and does go on without thought, thoughtless life would hold no meaning for most of us. Our thoughts fill our days and give meaning and purpose to our days to come. Through perception, we become aware of our environment through physical sensation (Merriam-Webster, 1997, p.546). Every single experience and observation, every smell and sound, that enters our mind through perception is then fused together and associated with other related fusions to become thought, …our very lives as we know them. [tags: essays research papers]

The Folly Of Logic, The Freedom Of Truth - Logic can very often restrain us from recognising the truth when it is presented to us. Allow me to begin by asking a question. What is man. Who are we indeed. We struggle, we grapple, we strain, grasping for truth that is always there, but we feel is out of our reach. We make ourselves prisoners by our own embankment of logic, an instrument that we work too hard. An ox that we send to the field, but provide no water for, driving it on, past exhaustion; a tool that we abuse without having even a miniscule sentiment of remorse. [tags: essays research papers]

The Nature of Logic and Perception - The nature of logic and perception Logic is the science of reasoning or sound reasoning. Logically the only reasoning I seem to understand is my own. This has caused me to make many wrong decisions. My judgment with people usually ends up with me looking like an idiot, but I live with the logic what don’t kill you is bound to make you strong. To understand what logic is first you need to be able to be able to understand the reasoning for exactly what is going one at the time. Perception is the act or results to perceiving as well as the ability to understand. [tags: essays research papers]

The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism - The battle of Iraq is one victory in a war on terror that began on September the 11th, 2001 and still goes on. That terrible morning, 19 evil men, the shock troops of a hateful ideology, gave America and the civilized world a glimpse of their ambitions. They imagined, in the words of one terrorist, that September the 11th would be the beginning of the end of America. By seeking to turn our cities into killing fields, terrorists and their allies believed that they could destroy this nation's resolve and force our retreat from the world. [tags: War Terrorism Extremism]

Nature of Logic and Perception - According to the American Heritage dictionary, the definition of Logic is “the study of the principles of reasoning, especially of the structure of propositions as distinguished from their content and of method and validity in deductive reasoning”. It also says that logic is “valid reasoning.” I believe that logic and critical thinking are closely related in that logic is used in the process of thinking critically. Perception, as stated in the American Heritage dictionary, is “the process, act, or faculty of perceiving”. [tags: essays research papers]

Nature Of Logic And Perception - Nature of Logic and Perception Critical thinking is the process in which one challenges their emotive, self-centered way of thinking. It causes one to test their own assumptions and question their reasoning. Critical thinking is the process in which one mentally explores deeper than the superficial matters at hand into the deeper layers in order to find out what the real issues are. Successful critical thinking is a process that allows one to creatively problem solve, seek innovative solutions, and essentially "think outside of the box." It also allows one to become more open minded to various situations. [tags: Critical Thinking]

On Tanabe's Logic of Species - On Tanabe's Logic of Species Tanabe Hajime (1885-1962), another pole of the so-called Kyoto-School of Philosophy of modern Japan, attempts to construct a dialectical, triadic logic of genus, species and individual as a creative synthesis between Eastern and Western philosophy. Although the formal pattern of his method is influenced by the Hegelian dialectic, the way of his thinking is rather prevailed by Kantian dualism. This makes a sharp contrast to his mentor Nishida Kitaro, whose logic of Topos or Place qua Absolute Nothingness is criticized as all-embracing and static in character by him. [tags: Philosophy Japan Papers]

Utilitarian Logic in Hard Times - Utilitarian Logic in Hard Times Utilitarianism "Quadruped. Graminivorous. Forty teeth, namely twenty-four grinders, four eye-teeth, and twelve incisive. Sheds coat in spring. " A perfect example of a product of utilitarian education, Bitzer defines a horse off the top of his head in a split second. Utilitarianism is the assumption that human beings act in a way that highlights their own self interest. It is based on factuality and leaves little room for imagination. Dickens provides three vivid examples of this utilitarian logic in Hard Times. [tags: Dickens Hard Times Essays]

Critical Thinking and Computer Logic - Critical Thinking and Computer Logic Abstract The purpose of this paper is to discuss a decision-making tool or technique as discussed in week three. The paper will contain a discussion of the tool or technique and an application example. It will also include an example of when and when not to use the tool or technique. The paper will conclude with a brief summation. Tools and Techniques Paper Individuals, organizations, and social groups are often faced with the challenge of solving difficult problems and making important, strategic decisions. [tags: Technology]

Sentential Falsehood Logic FL4 - Sentential Falsehood Logic FL4 ABSTRACT: In some philosophical conceptions, statements are valued as true, false, senseless (neither true nor false), or inconsistent. Falsehood logic FL4 makes it possible to operate correctly by such statements. Logic with falsehood operator FL4 is formulated. For FL4 metatheorems of consistency, deduction and completeness are fulfilled. Correlation between falsehood logic FL4 and four-valued Belnap’s logic and von Wright’s truth logic T"LM is considered. In FL4, the implication for Belnap’s logic is defined so that the truth-valued matrix of it is characterized for logic of tautological consequences Efde. [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Logical Papers]

Fuzzy Logic - Fuzzy Logic Fuzzy Logic is a term used to identify a new trend of quantifying partial truths. One disadvantage of most rule sets that they cannot process inconsistent data. Fuzzy logic is a superset of conventional logic that has been extended to handle the concept of partial truth, being values that lie between "completely true" and "completely untrue". Dr. Lotfi Zadeth of UC/Berkley first introduced it in the 1960s as a means of modeling the uncertainty of natural language. All this works by using expanding on Boolean logic and the concept of subsets. [tags: Papers]

Fuzzy Logic - Fuzzy Logic "So far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain. And so far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality." -Albert Einstein, Geometry and Experience “It’s funny how when we’re the recipients of pain we’re clear that it’s black and white. But when we’ve got something to gain there are shades of gray.” – Dr. Laura Schlessinger Fuzz adds extreme choices of black and white, between shades of gray. Claim ness is given with fuzz; it does not make us choose. [tags: Essays Papers]

Greek Logic - transparencey INTRODUCTION The ancient Greeks knew that reasoning is a structured process governed, at least partially, by a system of explainable rules. Aristotele codified syllogisms; Euclide formulated geometric theorems; Vitruvius defined the criterion and referential key so that every architectural element could be proportioned according to an ideal model, symbolizing the aspirations and aptitudes of that particular civil society. In these forms of reasoning it is possible to distinguish contingent aspects with regard to the role which the use of a method and the application of a procedure play within any conceptual process: communicable by virtue of the codes and the prescribed norm. [tags: essays papers]

Mathematical Logic - Mathematical logic is something that has been around for a very long time. Centuries Ago Greek and other logicians tried to make sense out of mathematical proofs. As time went on other people tried to do the same thing but using only symbols and variables. But I will get into detail about that a little later. There is also something called set theory, which is related with this. In mathematical logic a lot of terms are used such as axiom and proofs. A lot of things in math can be proven, but there are still some things that will probably always remain theories or ideas. [tags: essays research papers]

Early Ideas Behind Logic Programming - Early Ideas Behind Logic Programming Historical Perspectives Logic programming is an approach to computer science in which the first order predicate logic is used as a high level programming language. The use of symbolic logic as a programming language has a history of not more than thirty years, but the study of the symbolic logic goes back to the work of Aristotle in the fourth century B. C. First Order Predicate Logic is a branch of symbolic logic that has evolved largely in the twentieth century. [tags: Computers]

Logic: An Empirical Study of A Priori Truths - Logic: An Empirical Study of A Priori Truths ABSTRACT: I distinguish a priori knowledge from a priori truths or statements. A priori knowledge either is evident or is derived from evident premisses by means of correct reasoning. An a priori statement is one that reflects features of the conceptual framework within which it is placed. The statement either describes semantic relations between concepts of the framework or it characterizes the application of the framework to experience and the world. [tags: Logical Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

Amory Lovins’ Logic in Natural Capitalism - Amory Lovins’ Logic in Natural Capitalism In the first chapter of Natural Capitalism, author Amory Lovins proposes a new method of capitalism that recognizes the importance of natural and human capital in the industrial system. Conventional capitalism places value only on capital that yields financial gain, and ignores the human and natural parts of the equation. Lovins points to this as the reason for many of the environmental, social, and economic problems on our planet today. He argues that the destructive practices of conventional capitalism must cease, and that a new industrial revolution must happen that will change how human beings support themselves and sustain the reso. [tags: Amory Lovins Natural Capitalism Essays]

Use of Logic in Monty Python and the holy grail - Monty Python and the Holy Grail Logic affects our lives everyday. We use it both subconsciously and consciously to make decisions which can be as important as our careers, or as insignificant as what to eat for lunch. Logic can also be used in other ways. Ironically, others’ bad logic can result in us learning something just as much as we learn from our own bad decisions. This is shown in Monty Python’s Quest for the Holy Grail. One example of this ironic use of logic is with the trial of the witch. [tags: essays research papers]

The Face, by Emmanuel Levinas - This short essay engages in a close reading of a passage of Emmanuel Levinas’s ‘The Face’ drawing on the concepts of identity and relational logics. Questions concerning the assumptions employed by Levinas about time, space and form of being will be asked of the text in order to create a dialogue with its meaning. The potential implications of these assumptions will also be explored through the consideration of hinge words and pivotal phrases. Tangible conclusions will not be drawn; however arguments will unfold which demonstrate the possibilities of this passage in regards to the creation of knowledge and the understanding of everyday ways of being. [tags: Identity, Relational Logic]

Rhetoric in the American Immigration Debate - According to Aristotle, a speaker could frame any debate using three approaches: an appeal to logic, an appeal from credibility, or an appeal to emotions. All speakers and writers use the tripartite approach to rhetoric in varying degrees and ultimately the audience judges their effectiveness in the context presented. In America, few topics are as hotly debated as that of undocumented migration, and it can be difficult to pick through the partisan and often vitriolic rhetoric in order to come to a rational conclusion. [tags: Analysis, Logic, Credibility, Emotions]

Finite Evidence and Universal Propositions - Finite Evidence and Universal Propositions There is a lot of empirical evidence supporting the proposition '‘All metals expand when heated’. For example on many, many occasions we have observed metals expanding when heated. Because of this large amount of evidence we take the proposition to be true (or highly likely to be true). The proposition '‘All metals expand when heated’ is caled a universal proposition. A universal proposition mentions al things of a certain kind. The proposition '‘Al metals expand when heated’ is about al metals, not just some of them; it is about al pieces of metal, not just some pieces. [tags: Ampliative Logic]

Fairy Tales and Defying Logic in Lewis Carroll’s "Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland" - What characterizes a children's story as a fairytale. Is it the knights in shining armor, the happy ending, or the assumed innocence of the characters and the audience. Authors have long used these factors to reach acclaimed notoriety in the children’s writing world. But when it comes to Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, these characteristics are non-existent. He reveals to us that a fairy tales can defy logic and expectations. The complexity of Carroll’s ingenuity writing Alice in Wonderland has been dubbed an aspect of literary disobedience. [tags: Lewis Carroll, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland]

Criticism of the Verification Principle in A.J. Ayer's Book Language, Truth and Logic - Criticism of the Verification Principle in A.J. Ayer's Book Language, Truth and Logic INTRODUCTION This essay will consist in an exposition and criticism of the Verification Principle, as expounded by A.J. Ayer in his book Language, Truth and Logic. Ayer, wrote this book in 1936, but also wrote a new introduction to the second edition ten years later. The latter amounted to a revision of his earlier theses on the principleis to both accounts that this essay shall be referring. Firstly, I shall expound the verification principle. [tags: Philosophy]

The Ramist Logic of Edward Taylor's Upon a Spider Catching a Fly - The Ramist Logic of Edward Taylor's Upon a Spider Catching a Fly Like other Puritanical writers of his generation, Edward Taylor looked to nature and utilized it as an example of a belief system that he had already deemed factual. The use Ramist logic here may seem irrational to many. The very essence of logic commands that we must first look toward nature and then draw conclusions from it. In his work, "Upon a Spider Catching a Fly", Taylor applies his doctrine in advance by using the interaction between an arachnid and a certain contrasting insect as an example of the Calvinist theory of predestination; the belief that one's fate cannot be influenced by one's works or earthly deeds. [tags: Edward Taylor Upon Spider Catching Fly]

Analysis of The Logic of Collective Action Public Goods and The Theory of Groups by Mancur Olson - Analysis of The Logic of Collective Action Public Goods and The Theory of Groups by Mancur Olson Mancur Olson, wrote The Logic of Collective Action Public Goods and The Theory of Groups, throughout the book Olson discusses such topics rationality, group size and group behaviour, public goods, free rider, collective action problem, and selective incentives. Olson’s world-renowned book is full of useful knowledge and opinion concerning world politics. After reading this valuable text I feel both enlightened and baffled concurrently. [tags: Papers]

Mathematics and Art - Mathematics and art are two areas of knowledge that demonstrate different degrees of interaction between critical and creative thinking. Whether considering mathematics or art, creative thinking evaluates a new or original idea containing some degree of value. Critical thinking examines assumptions and challenges a current belief or theory that has previously assumed to be true. Although general assumptions and creativity may be considered separately when considering extreme examples of concrete ideas and abstract ideas, the interplay of critical and creative thinking is one method in which new and validated knowledge is attained. [tags: Logic, Creativity, Philosophy]

Criticisms of Ayer’s Logical Positivism - Ayer published Language, Truth & Logic in 1936 when he was only 26 years of age. He was a part of the Vienna Circle; who were notoriously known for their philosophy of logical positivism. Logical positivism is a philosophical theory that holds meaningful only those non-tautological propositions that can be analyzed by the tools of logic into elementary propositions or are empirically verifiable. It therefore rejects metaphysics, theology, and sometimes ethics as meaningless. In Language, Truth & Logic, Ayer puts forth his own version of the verification principle. [tags: Language, Truth & Logic, principle of verification]

Noncontradiction as a Scientific Modus Operandi - Noncontradiction as a Scientific Modus Operandi We explicate the view that our ignorance of the nature of the real world R, more so than a lack of ingenuity or sufficient time to have deduced the truth from what is so far known, accounts for the inadequacies of our theories of truth and systems of logic. Because of these inadecuacies, advocacy of substantial correctness of such theories and systems is certainly not right and should be replaced with a perspective of Explorationism which is the broadest possible investigation of potential theories and systems along with the realization that all such theories and systems are partial and tentative. [tags: Science Logic Papers]

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