Hello, late in writing coursework ? Don't worry I know who can help you !Trusted Academic Service
Urbanization: Causes and Effects of Urbanization in India!
Urbanisation has become a common feature of Indian society. Growth of Industries has contributed to the growth of cities. As a result of industrialisation people have started moving towards the industrial areas in search of employment. This has resulted in the growth of towns and cities.
Image Courtesy. upload.wikimediawikipedia/commons/9/94/Mumbai_Downtown.jpg
Urbanisation denotes a diffusion of the influence of urban centres to a rural hinterland.
Urbanisation can also be defined as a process of concentration of population in a particular territory.
According to Mitchell urbanisation is a process of becoming urban, moving to cities, changing from agriculture to other pursuits common to cities.
Various reasons have led to the growth of cities. They are as follows:
Industrialization is a major cause of urbanization. It has expanded the employment opportunities. Rural people have migrated to cities on account of better employment opportunities.
Many social factors such as attraction of cities, better standard of living, better educational facilities, need for status also induce people to migrate to cities.
In rural sector people have to depend mainly on agriculture for their livelihood. But Indian agriculture is depending on monsoon. In drought situations or natural calamities, rural people have to migrate to cities.
Urban areas are characterized by sophisticated technology better infrastructure, communication, medical facilities, etc. People feel that they can lead a comfortable life in cities and migrate to cities.
It is an interesting aspect that not only cities are growing in number but rural community is adopting urban culture, no longer rural communities are retaining their unique rural culture. Rural people are following the material culture of urban people. Urban rural transformation can be observed in the following areas.
The literacy rate has increased among the rural people. They have become more modernised.