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Essay on hildegard peplau



Applying Victor Vroom's Expectancy Theory in a Given Workplace Scenario - Motivation is a major contributing factor in keeping an individual on a path to attainment in the workplace and at home. There are dozens of theories that exist but one of the most widely accepted is Victor Vroom’s expectancy theory. The majority of the evidence that has been provided over time supports the theory in its entirety. The expectancy theory suggests that an individual will choose a course of action that will greatly increase the chances of providing a desired outcome. Essentially, it is up to the individual as to what decision is made but the behavior that is selected reflects on the desirability of wanting to attain the desired outcome. [tags: Motivation in Management]

Strengths and Weaknesses of McClelland’s Acquired Needs Theory and Expectancy Theory - Strengths and Weaknesses of McClelland’s Acquired Needs Theory and Expectancy Theory Motivation play an important role in today’s work environment as motivated employees are more productive employees. However, the ways how we motivate the employees have to be improved from time to time as employees are being more demanding and that they are more concern about their needs than before. Motivational strategies have probably affected the most by employee concerns and values (Greiner 1986, p. 82). ‘A motivational strategy is any effort to induce employees to initiate and sustain activities that can directly or indirectly improve service productivity’ (Greiner 1986, p. [tags: Employee Motivation]

Behavioral Influences - Motivation has always been a valuable concept in today’s corporate domain when it comes to revenue and production. As long as businesses have been seeking for ways to improve efficiency, productivity and quality within their workplaces, employees have had their own underlying expectations to satisfy. Victor Vroom’s expectancy theory explores the concept of employee’s motivations in completing a task influenced by their expectancy (effort-performance relationship), instrumentality (performance-rewards relationship) and valence (rewards-personal goals). [tags: Expectancy Theory, Motivation]

Increasing the Average Life Expectancy - The average person in the United States lives to be approximately 77 years old. What if the average life expectancy could be increased to 112 years old. Many aspects of life could be improved because people could become very skilled at what they do. Through many scientists’ hard work and research they have reason to believe that it could actually be possible for the average life expectancy to reach 112 years of age (Than 1). However, with these scientists’ getting closer to figuring out the secrets of aging come many social, legal, and ethical issues. [tags: Life Expectancy, ]

Social Learning Theory - Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory describes the process through which people acquire new info, forms of behavior, or attitudes from others firsthand or vicariously. The likelihood of a behavior presenting itself will rely on the amount of reinforcement it receives and the value that the individual associates to it. While some behavior may be rewarded, others may produce unfavorable responses. An individual will learn from the consequences of these actions and when a similar situation arises, they will alter their behavior according to what was most successful in the past. [tags: Psychology]

Organisation Theory: Motivation at the Bradley Clothing Company - Organisation Theory: Motivation at the Bradley Clothing Company The personnel manager of the Bradley Clothing Company, Alice Johnson thinks the theories of Maslow and Herzberg are very suitable for the management; therefore, she put the theory into practice. The outcome is not what she expected, so this is the main discussion point about the relationship between theory and reality. The theories of Maslow and Herzberg are surely worthy to be the reference for implementation, but there are still some theories which assist and support these two theories to make it more complete, and it is also very important to take this into consideration. [tags: Business Management]

Why Pay for Performance Only Works in Theory - Why Pay for Performance Only Works in Theory In this short paper I will explain why the statement “The introduction of individual pay for performance contributes to an improvement in a company's (financial) performance” is to my opinion not valid. Before we can jump into a reflection on the statement, two questions arise that will be discussed as an introduction “What is pay for performance?” and “Why is pay for performance considered as a system that might contribute to a company’s performance?” What is pay for performance. [tags: Argumentative Work Employment Business]

Fallacy Summary And Applicaion Paper - Motivation Theories The long-term success of the many organizations rests squarely on the motivation and behavior of the individuals who are part of them. Whenever a manager is asked "What seems to be the problem?" the manager usually responds with "There seems to be a motivational problem among the employees. I have tried several things, but nothing seems to work." Such is the case with Star Power, an organization that manufactures solar cells for use as battery chargers, to power lights, to power electrical test vehicles, portable power for laptops, cell phones, cameras, etc. [tags: Motivation Theory Fallacy]

Critique of Two Journal Articles on Motivation - Critique of Two Journal Articles on Motivation Expectancy theory is one of the most widely used motivation theory. It is first proposed by Victor Vroom Yale School of Management in 1964. This theory is well supported by many evidence, and believe that the degree how people would act in a certain way depends on the strength of an expectation that the act will be followed by a given outcome, and on the attractiveness of that outcome to the individual.(Robbins et al. 2008) Two research-based articles which used expectancy theory to examine the factors impact target object in different circumstances are compared in this critique article. [tags: Motivation Theory Article Analysis Compare]

Theory of Demographic Transition - The `Theory of Demographic Transition' embraces the observation that all countries in the world go through different stages in the growth of population. A nation's economy and level of development is directly related to that nation's birth and death rates. Population history can be divided into three main stages, which apply to third world, second world and first world nations. These stages or classifications demonstrate a transition from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates. The `Theory of Demographic Transition' suggests that all nations begin in stage one as underdeveloped, third world nations and through time transition into first world nations. [tags: Sociology]

Management Motivational Theory - Motivational Theories Paper A Discussion used to increase performance at Ely Paper Company Our organization is experiencing a problem in that sales are lower than they have been in ten years and we need to make drastic changes in order to improve the motivation of our employees, said the CEO of one of the largest paper plate producing business in Ely, Minnesota. Mr. Ely, the CEO, knew that motivation of employees was important because of its significance as a determinant of performance and its intangible nature. [tags: Business Management]

Organizational Management - This essay will examine three human behavioral issues that have evolved from the social sciences in the context of managing organizations. The case study that will be used to analyze these conditions and theories deals with The Portman Hotel Company-San Francisco. Three issues will be addressed in the following order: fundamental attribution error, Expectancy Theory, and Operant Conditional Theory. First, a brief description will be provided for each theory, then how the theories relate to the case study will be analyzed, and finally, recommendations will be provided in an attempt to correct or alleviate the management difficulties being experienced at the Portman. [tags: Business Management Theory]

Explain And Evaluate Critically Malthuss Population Theory. - Explain and Evaluate Critically Malthus's Population Theory. In 1798 Thomas Robert Malthus, a British clergyman and professor, wrote an essay showing the way to modern demography. In 1824 he wrote a shorter final version, the article on population for that year's Encyclopedia Britannica. Malthus has been criticized for his lack of scientific foresight—he did not foresee modern advances leading to increased life expectancy, food production and birth control. He has been criticized for his politics—he thought welfare immorally increased population and hunger. [tags: essays research papers]

The Theory of Planned Behaviour: Nurses Attitudes towards Older Patients - The Theory of Planned Behaviour: Nurses' Attitudes towards Older Patients ABSTRACT The Theory of Planned Behaviour was tested in a study for its ability to predict intention to behave in specific ways towards older patients. There were 172 subjects from 3 Scottish universities, Napier, Edinburgh and Abertay Dundee. The results gained from a questionnaire suggest that the Theory of Planned behaviour can be used to predict behavioural intentions of nurses when working with older patients. Nurses’ intention to behave was predicted by their attitudes mostly, perceived behavioural control also carried a significant beta weight although social norms were found to be non– significant. [tags: Psychology Nurses Patient Behaviour Essays]

Thomas Malthuss overpopulation theory - A little over two hundred years ago a man by the name of Thomas Malthus wrote a document entitled “An Essay on the Principle of Population” which essentially stated that there is an imbalance between our ability to produce food and our ability to produce children. He said human beings are far better at making babies than they are at finding food for survival. His entire essay is based on these two assumptions. “ First, That food is necessary to the existence of man. And second, that the passion between the sexes is necessary and will remain nearly in its present state.” When taking into account what is said in this essay, it is obvious that his original analysis of population has been prove. [tags: essays research papers]

John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice - John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice holds that rational, mutually disinterested individuals, in the Original Position and given the task of establishing societal rules to maximise their own happiness throughout life, are liable to choose as principles of societal justice a) guaranteed fundamental liberties and b) the nullification of social and economic disparities by universal equality of opportunities, which are to be of greatest benefit to the least advantaged members of society. Rawls’ system of societal cbfgdbre for the maintenance of fundamental liberties, equality of opportunity and support for the disadvantaged is exercised. [tags: A Theory of Justice]

Evaluating Career Theory and Application - It is easy to dissect an individual’s life to analyze and critique their choices based on our own opinions and experiences. Is that fair. No. We may see their actions clearly but the reasoning behind these is what the focus should be when it comes to judging one’s behavior or circumstances. Regular judgments are made about a person based on their profession. In our society, it would behoove us to look at the paths that lead to becoming a medical doctor instead of a drug dealer or prostitute. Application of career theories to life allow for analyzing past and future career decisions in all fields. [tags: Career Theory]

A substantive grounded theory - A good formal theory ought to be at least the equivalent ought of a ton of ethnographies and perhaps half a gross of substantive theories (Strauss 1987, p.248). A substantive grounded theory is a tailor-made theory while a formal grounded theory is a ready-made theory (Kearney 1998). Substantive theory may limit its application to other contexts if a constant comparative method of modifying a theory is neglected. Nevertheless, it may have important general implications and relevance to other areas. [tags: Informative, Theory]

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory - Contents INTRODUCTION 2 MOTIVATION 3 MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS THEORY 4 INFORMATION OF THE COMPANY 5 APPLE COMPUTERS,INC 5 INFORMATION ABOUT THE COMPANY’S MANAGER 6 STEVE JOBS 6 STEVE JOBS LEADERSHIP STYLES AND MOTIVATION TECHNIQUES 7 CONCLUSION 9 REFERENCES 10 INTRODUCTION In this section ,we will discuss about the topics motivation, motivation theory.Motivation is defined as the interaction between person and the situationattaining goal,persons efforts are energized,directed and sustainedMaslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory is also used.Individual needs are also known as Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theorytheory. [tags: motivation theory, steve jobs]
. 3 Works Cited

Marx's Theory of Alienation - Marx's theory of alienation has to do with the separation of things that logically belong together. According to Marx, alienation is a universal result of capitalism. Marx's theory of alienation is based upon his observation that, within the capitalist mode of production, workers consistently lose determination of their lives and fates by being deprived of the right to envision themselves as the administrator of their actions. Workers become autonomous, self-realized people, but are lead and diverted into goals and activities set down by those who have power. [tags: Marx's Theory of Alienation]

View’s On Einstein’s Theory of Relativity When Proposed and as it Progressed - Einstein’s theory of relativity is a world renowned theory in which many have attempted to challenge it and have not been able to attain a specific conclusion to satisfy the theory. As years progress, higher and higher technology allows more accurate testing’s of the theory for justification. When the theory was first proposed, minimal and incomprehensible data was presented by Einstein that needed experimentation to fully explain it and allow it to be understood by the scientists and the public of 1905. [tags: Theory of Relativity]

The Background on the Stanley Milgram Theory - The social psychology theory that I will be analyzing is based on the Stanley Milgram experiment done in 1965 following the start of the Nazi war. He was curios on all the violence taking place during this time. As a Jew himself, he wanted to find out whether or not the Adolf Eichmann accomplice had the same intent and hate towards the Jewish people during the holocaust. Based on Solomon Asch’s past experiments on conformity, Milgram’s experiment was done to determine whether or not the power of the situation could cause average people to conform to obedience. [tags: Stanley Milgram Theory, psychology, social psychol]

A Basic Assessment of Hildegard Peplau's Theory - By giving nurses a sense of identity, nursing theory can help patients, managers and other healthcare professionals to recognize the unique contribution that nurses make to the healthcare service (Draper 1990).Hildegard Peplau, one of the role model of nursing theorist, established a theory of interpersonal relationships in nursing. Her reason is the goal of the nurse-client relationship is to give a quality nursing care moving forward to health promotion and maintenance. The purpose of this paper is to conduct a basic assessment of her theory. [tags: nursing theory, nurses, nursing care]

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