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Chapter: (p.3) Chapter 1 Statehood and Recognition Source: The Creation of States in International Law Author(s): JAMES CRAWFORD Publisher: Oxford University Press
At the beginning of the 20th century, there were some fifty acknowledged States. By 2005, this number rose to exactly 192 States. The emergence of so many new States represents one of the major political developments of the 20th century. It has changed the character of international law and the practice of international organisations, and has been one of the more important sources of international conflict. But the fact that some development is of importance in international relations does not entail that it is regulated by international law. Fundamentally, the question is whether international law is itself, in one of its most important aspects, a coherent or complete system of law. This work investigates whether, and to what extent, the formation and existence of States is regulated by international law, and is not simply a ‘matter of fact’.
Keywords: statehood, recognition, international law, 20th century, international conflict, international relations