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Powerpoint on argumentative essay


1
Argumentative Essay
  • Writing Research
  • Presented by Megan Lowe
  • ULM Reference Librarian

2
Session Overview
  • What Is It?
  • Examples
  • Getting Started
  • Research
  • Quotations Citations
  • Q A Time

3
What is an argumentative essay?
  • Is like a persuasive essay
  • Should present pros and cons of the issue
  • Should contain an argument
  • Should contain evidence or support for the issue
    (facts, statistics, anecdotal evidence)
  • Should concern a manageable topic
  • Derived from the Bogazici University Writing Lab

4
Examples of Argumentative Topics
  • Selling marijuana in public places should be
    illegal
  • Polygamy is a natural state, and should be legal
  • Assisted suicide should be legal
  • Animal testing should be illegal
  • Graphic video games make kids aggressive and/or
    violent
  • Vistas is a better operating system than XP
  • From Bogazici University Writing Lab
  • From Glendale Community College English
    Department

5
Getting Started
  • Picking a topic
  • Something of interest to you
  • Something interesting
  • Something controversial
  • Something argumentative
  • Getting organized
  • Outlining your paper
  • Creating a keyword list
  • Getting research

6
General Outline of a Paper
  • Introduction Thesis statement
  • Argument-evidence paragraph 1
  • Argument-evidence paragraph 2
  • Argument-evidence paragraph 3
  • Summary of Argument Conclusion

7
Example Outline
  • Thesis Beans are a more healthy source of
    protein than beef.
  • Beans are fat-free.
    (Or, you can point out
    that beef is not fat-free)
  • Beans are low-sodium.
    (Or, you can point out
    that beef is not low-sodium)
  • Beans are cholesterol-free.
    (Or, you can point out that
    beef is not cholesterol-free)
  • Conclusion Based on the facts that they are
    fat-free, low-sodium, and cholesterol free, beans
    are definitely a more healthy source of protein
    than beef.

8
Research
  • Evidence for argumentative essays can be
    objective like facts, statistics, and case
    studies or anecdotal your personal
    experiences
  • Objective evidence will require research you
    can use sources like books, articles, websites,
    and even people!

9
Research
  • Articles in magazines, newspapers, and journals
    can be found using the Librarys databases.
  • Books can be found using the Librarys online
    catalog.
  • Good websites can be found using engines like
    Google and Ask

10
Keywords
  • Regardless of where you seek resources books,
    articles, or websites the best way to search
    for resources is keyword searching
  • Keywords represent the most important parts of
    your thesis statement or argument
  • Before you start searching, develop a list of
    keywords from your argument

11
Keywords Example
  • Thesis Beans are a more healthy source of
    protein than beef.
  • Beans. legumes
  • Source
  • Healthy health
  • Protein
  • Beef red meat
  • Cholesterol
  • You will combine them together using AND!

Remember you arent limited to the actual words
from the thesis use related words or alternate
ideas! Also, look to your arguments for keywords,
too those are key ideas!

    12
    The Librarys Resources Books
    13
    Looking Up Books Catalog
    beans and health
    14
    Catalog
    Look! Additional keyword ideas!
    • The Stacks are the books that CAN be checked out.
      They are housed on the 2, 3, 4, and 5 floors of
      the Library. The first letter will help you
      figure out which floor.
    • A-F 2nd floor
    • G-P 3rd floor
    • Q 4th floor
    • R-Z 5th floor
    • Delta Stacks are in our Stacks, so no worries!

        15
        The Librarys Resources Articles
        Remember to find articles, you have to check the
        databases! Articles Databases!
        16
        Databases by Name
        17
        Databases by Subject
        18
        Databases by Subject
        19
        Databases Ebscohost
        20
        Databases Ebscohost
        Full-text articles in Ebsco will either be HTML,
        PDF, or both. If you dont see HTML or PDF (or
        both), then the article is not available in full.
        21
        Databases Ebscohost
        This will cite the article for you!
        Possible keywords!
        Abstracts are a summary of the article.
        22
        Databases Ebscohost
        23
        Quotations Citations
        • Quotations when you use text from a resource in
          your own writing
        • Citations how you acknowledge resources youve
          used in your paper

        24
        Quotations
        • Indirect Quotation Some researchers note
          that "children are totally insensitive to their
          parent's shyness" (Zimbardo 62).Direct
          Quotation Zimbardo notes that "children are
          totally insensitive to their parent's shyness"
          (62).Paraphrase While not all children are,
          research has shown that some children are
          insensible to the introversion or timidity of
          their parent or parents (Zimbardo 62).

        25
        Citations
        • Book
        • Langland, William. Piers the Ploughman.
        • Baltimore Penguin Books, Ltd. 1974.
        • Journal article
        • Thibodeau, P.L. and S.J. Melamut. "Ergonomics in
          the Electronic Library." Bulletin of the Medical
          Library Association 83.3 (July 1995) 322-329.

        26
        Citations
        • Journal article from a database
        • Becker, Karen. "The Characteristics of
          Bibliographic Instruction in Relation to the
          Causes and Symptoms of Burnout." RQ 32.3 (Spring
          1993) 346-357. EBSCO ERIC. ULM University
          Library, Monroe, LA. 19 May 2009.
          lthttp//www.epnet.comgt.

        27
        Citations
        • Website
        • Lowe, Megan. Citations Guide MLA Style. Megan
          Lowe _at_ ULM. 8 June 2006. University of Louisiana
          at Monroe. 12 June 2007 lthttp//www.ulmlowe/
          MLAcitationguide.htmlgt.
        • Remember citations are important for two reasons
        • They allow you to give credit where credit is
          due, which keeps you from plagiarism and cheating
          charges
        • Allows readers to retrace your research steps and
          look at the actual resources you used

        28
        Question Answer Time
        29
        Argumentative Essay FYI
        • Presentation
        • http//www.ulmlowe/argumentativeessay.pp
          t
        • Sites Consulted for Presentation
        • Bogacizi University Writing Center
        • Glendale Community College English Dept.
        • Dont forget the OWL at Purdue!
        • http//owl.english.purdueowl/
        • My Contact Info
        • Email lowe_at_ulm.edu

        30
        Thanks for coming!
        • Remember, if you need help, just ask at the
          Reference Desk email us at reference_at_ulmor
          call us at (318) 342-1071!
        • You can also email me at
        • lowe_at_ulm.edu

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        For a small fee you can get the industry's best online privacy or publicly promote your presentations and slide shows with top rankings. But aside from that it's free. We'll even convert your presentations and slide shows into the universal Flash format with all their original multimedia glory, including animation, 2D and 3D transition effects, embedded music or other audio, or even video embedded in slides. All for free. Most of the presentations and slideshows on PowerShoware free to view, many are even free to download. (You can choose whether to allow people to download your original PowerPoint presentations and photo slideshows for a fee or free or not at all.) Check out PowerShowtoday - for FREE. There is truly something for everyone!

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